Annotated Bibliography

Death Penalty

Works Cited
NY Times - Hometown snubs Schwarzenegger Over Death Penalty. Web. 11 Jan. 2010.
This is an article about Graz in Austria, the hometown of Arnold Schwarzenegger. The people of the community were really upset about his decision regarding Stanley Williams. They removed his name from the towns Sports Stadium.

Capital Punishment Should Be Temporarily Suspended. Web. 11 Jan. 2010.
I got a lot of statistics out of this article. For example that for every seventh to eighth death row inmate, there I one execution.

Life imprisonment is preferable to the Death Penalty Web. 11 Jan. 2010.
This article has pretty much the same opinion as me, Death Penalty is wrong and Life Imprisonment is preferable. The article also suggests a viable alternative. Murderers have to serve a minimum of 25 years on parole, before the possibility of consideration of parole.

Public support for Death Penalty Is Shifting. Web. 11 Jan. 2010.
This article shows, how the people of America are more and more against the Death Penalty.

Stanley Williams Biography. Web. 11 Jan. 2010.

<>. Stanley Williams Biography; I kind of understood how he changed. This tells his story from founding the Crips in order to end police violence and protect the neighborhood. However, the Crips ended up as one of the mosrt dangerous gangs in the world.

This is Barack Obama's Opinion:
Obama has written that he thinks the death penalty "does little to deter crime." He supports capital punishment in cases in which "the community is justified in expressing the full measure of its outrage." While a state senator, Obama pushed for reform of the Illinois capital punishment system and authored a bill to mandate the videotaping of interrogations and confessions. Obama disagreed with the June 25, 2008 U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing the execution of child rapists.

Barack Obama
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

Dear Mr. President,

My name is Martin Güppner, I am a student from York Community High School in Elmhurst, Illinois.

I like the way you are handling things right now, but there is one thing that bothers me: The Death Penalty. I believe, that it is unjust to execute criminals. I know that you believe that death row does little to deter crime, which is good. However, you still disagreed with the Supreme Court’s decision outlawing the execution of child rapists. I don't understand your decision, since you said you are against Death Penalty. I want you to loosen up the law on Death Penalty a bit. I don't think, that a one time murderer should be executed.

In my opinion, execution of murders doesn’t make us better than they are. I understand that it might not be possible to fully abolish the Death Penalty right now, but it if there is reasonable doubt or the convict himself is showing strong improvement and redemption, he should NOT be executed.

One example would be the case of Stanley “Tookie” Williams, who was executed in California in December 2005. He was a convicted murderer, but in his time in prison he showed strong improvement, he wrote several books including anti-gang and violence literature. In fact, he even was a five time Nobel Peace Prize nominee. California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had no mercy and denied both clemency and a four-week stay of execution, which drew lots of attention and made people all over the world angry. In his hometown Graz in Austria, people were upset, so his name was removed from the city sports stadium because of his decision regarding the execution of Stanley Williams. Several celebrities and activists started a movement, the Save Tookie Organization, which you can find at In an interview on the day of Stanley Williams’ execution, rapper Snoop Dogg, himself a former member of Williams’ gang, stated: “It's nine-fifteen on twelve-thirteen and another black king will be taken from the scene”.

Besides the fact that Stanley Williams was clearly showing redemption, there was reasonable doubt regarding his guilt.

But not only people who show redemption die every year in America’s prisons, so do innocent people. Since the early 1970s there have been 766 executions. Also, there have been 100 exonerations, which leads us to the frightening statistic, that for every 7th to 8th executed person, one is found innocent and released from death row. But what about all the innocent people that must have been executed before the use of DNA-testing and other modern methods?

For some strange reason, some people still claim, that the system is working. But then I have to ask, how can the system be working, if at least in some cases, it is newspaper reporters or college students who do the work and prove the innocence of the people, not the judges or lawyers who should be working on the case.

All I want is that you read this letter and start thinking about a solution regarding Death Penalty, because all this killing of innocents, or people who are regretting their past, cannot go on. America has a history of killing innocent people who were one death row, now it is on you to avoid this in the future.


Martin Güppner